Anthriscus sylvestris L
Chaerofillum sylvestre L.
Biennial plant , 50-150 cm heigh.
Is native to Europe and has been introduced into northeastern United States and Canada where it has become naturalized. Grows also in temperate climates (mountain districts) of Asia including Tjan-shane. Grows in forests, on inundated and subalpine meadows, among bushes, reaches 3200 meters above sea level.
In roots: organic acids, terpenoids, (an alpha pinene, beta myrcene, gamma-terpinen, etc.) sesquiterpenes, steroids (a stigmasterol, beta Sitosterin, caempesterine), phenols and their derivatives (crocatone, etc.), aromatic compounds coumarins (apterine, etc.) , flavonoids(luteoline, cherofilline), contains flavolignane deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPPT).Caulises and leaves contains an essential oil containing Phenole, omicron-krezol, rho-krezol, omicron-gvajakol, eugenol, alpha pinene, beta myrcene and other compounds, and also steroids (a stigmasterol, beta Sitosterin), carotin, vitamins B, C., starch, a laevulose, sucrose, proteins.
Traditional Use and Activity
The plant possesses abirritating, soothing, anticonvulsant, antiinflammatory and vermicidal properties. Plant infusion or decoction is prescribed for dropsies of various degrees, gastrointestinal diseases, a pulmonary tuberculosis and female diseases. Lotions are used for combustions, furuncles, carbuncles, abscesses, an eczema. Deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPPT), a natural flavolignan,a derivative of podophyllotoxin, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. DPPT may be of therapeutic value for the treatment of cervix cancer. This plant is a valuable vernal honey plant. Caulises and leaves are used to dye wool in various tints of yellow colour.