Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
Syn.- Tridax parviflora
Annual 10-130cm heigh.
Native to Southwestern US and South America. Now it is a cosmopolitan weed. Central Asia regions: Sir- Darya (vicinities of Tashkent), Tien Shan (east).
Grows in meadow steppes, in crop fields, gardens. It can be a weed, ruderal.
Rubber. Steroids: a stigmasterol. Underground part. Polyacetylene compounds: falcarinon dehydrofalcarinon. Leaves. Carbohydrates: inulin 10.7 %. Triterpenic saponins 1.59 %. Phenolcarbonic acids: coffeic. Tannins of 2.4 %. Flavonoids 2.4 %: luteolin 7-р O-glukopiranosid , apigenin 7 | a}-}-glucoside.
Traditional Use and Activity
It is medicinal in China: the whole plant has hemostatic and anti-inflammatory activity. Flowers decoction cleanses liver and eyes. When rubbed onto the skin, the plant is useful for treating nettle stings. Galinsoga juice helps blood to coagulate faster and also acts as an antibiotic agent.