Artemisia cina Berg ex Poljak.
A perennial,18-45 cm heigh
Central Asia: Syr-darya, West Tjan-Shang. Grows on alkaline soils, on river beds, on slopes in semi-desert and on foothills.
An essential oil 0,7-1,61% contains cineole 80 %, dipentene (limonene,/g-mentadien-1,8), terpinen, pinen, a-terpineol, a terpinenol, a-tujon, cymophenol,sesquiartemisol, kamforа, guayasulene, tujons, tujilic alcohol 5-7 %, sesquiterpenes. Alkaloids.Phenolcarbonic acids: the coffeic acid. Flavonoids:hyspidulin, meletin, rutinum. Upperground part has Cyclitols: kvebrachite of 0.38 %.Sesquiterpenoids: a santonin of 3-6 %. Flavonoids 0.4 2.03 %
Traditional Use and Activity
In Kazakhstan – for scabies, eczema, topical imflamations. In medieval Armenian medicine is used for bronchial asthma. Officinal medicinal raw materials (a worm seed), are included in USSR pharmacopoeia 1 – 10th editions and also included pharmacopoeia listing of many countries as an antihelminthic agent.
In traditional medicine, infusion (enemas) is used to treat oxyuris, When used externally, it has anaesthetising effect for muscular and articulate rheumatic disease. Decoction is used for stomach diseases and malaria. Essential oil (Darminolum) is used in traditional medicine as stimulating, analgesic, antiinflammatory and distracting agent for acute and chronic rheumatic disease, a neuralgia, a radiculitis, lumbago, a myositis, and respiratory infections. Can be antihelminthic for ascariasis.
There is no conclusive data on allowable feed amounts. Its racemes, leaves are toxic due to essential oils. The plant is used in veterinary as antihelminthic.