|Plant Name||Persicaria amphibia (L.) Gray|
|Botanical Info||Perennial to 1 m in height|
|Geography||Central Asia: all areas. Water form in slowly flowing or stagnant rivers (creeks, oxbows, lakes, ponds), often forms large thickets, land form-on the banks of sand and clay, in crops on river meadows, along roadsides.|
|Chemical Content||Organic acids 0.13%. Alkaloids of 0.2%.Vitamins C and carotene. Phenol carbonic acids: caffeic, chlorogenic acid. Tannins 8.2%. 6.5% Flavonoids: kaempferol, quercetin , 7-glucoside of luteolin, avikularin, hyperin , quercimeritrin.
Roots. Organic acid of 0.13%. 6.1% saponin.Vitamins :
C and carotene. Tannins 8.2%. Coumarins0.02%.Flavonoids 1.57-6.5%.
The roots, leaves. Tannins 18%. Rhizome.Tannins 5-20%. Hopes. Carbohydrates are part of 6%. Organic acids 0.42%. 6.1% saponin. Vitamins C and carotene.
Phenolcarbonic acids: caffeic, chlorogenic acid. Tannins 24.5%. Coumarins 0.02% Flavonoids 0.83-5.8%.
Stems. Flavonoids: kaempferol, quercetin.
Leaves. Vitamins C, K, carotene .Tannins 5-10%. Flavonoids: kaempferol, quercetin, myricetin.
Fruit. Vitamins C and carotene.
|Traditional Use and Activity|| In the Trans-Baikal region – for the treatment of gout and diabetes, in the Altai – from hemorrhoids. In folk medicine, in Austria – in the treatment of nasal “polyps and cancers. Resiniferous.
Roots. Decoction and infusion – diuretic, to treat gout, rheumatism, syphilis, edema, exhaustion of the nervous and endocrine systems, rather than the root of the tropical sarsaparilla. Tajikistan – bone fractures. Tanning agent in tanning handicraft. In North America (in the valley of Missouri) – a valuable tanning material. Roots, leaves. Uzbekistan – dye for silk and wool in blue and isabella colors. Above-ground part .Broth and 10% infusion have diuretical properties.
Leaves. Infusion – a diuretic, with lobes ¬ variable disease. Armenia – against hemorrhoids and as a diuretic.
Fruit. Food for birds.
The whole plant, but especially the root, is astringent, depurative, skin. An infusion of the leaves and stems has been used to treat stomach pains and children with diarrhoea. The root has been eaten raw, or an infusion of the dried, pounded roots used, in the treatment of chest colds. A poultice of the fresh roots has been applied directly to the mouth to treat blisters.
Edible parts of Willow Grass: leaves – raw or cooked. The young shoots are eaten in the spring. Seed – cooked. It is rather small and fiddly to utilize.