Dodartia orientalis L.
Herbaceous perennial plant, 15-50 cm high.
Central Asia: all regions. Grows in steppes, on clay, petrous and sandy slopes, hilly sands, steppe meadows, on rivers and lakes valleys. It grows as weed on long fallows, rice and cottony fields, in residential areas and along the roads. In Tajikistan it reaches the elevation of up to 2200 m above sea-level.
Chemical composition. Cardenolids 0.6 %. Saponins. Alkaloids of 0.1 %. Flavonoids 0.86 %: hyperoside. Upperground part. Cardenolids . Saponins. Alkaloids. Vitamins: C. Coumarins. Flavonoids 2.7 %.
Traditional Use and Activity
Upperground part decoction, infusion, is used in the treatment of syphilis. Its traditional use as a laxative was confirmed in clinical tests. Plant baths are good for rheumatic diseases. Infusion in shows cardiotonic properties in experiments. It is a honey plant and a feed for sayga, camels, horses, and during winter time, for all kinds of agricultural animals. It is a decorative. The plant is an insecticide. There are no indications in regards to toxicity.