Verbascum songaricum Schrenk.
Biennial or perennials, up to 1.5 m tall.
Caucasus, Central Asia, Iran. Grows on pebbles, on stony gravel slopes, cliffs, gravel benches in the mountains of Central Asia reaching the elevation of up to 2600 m above the sea level.
Roots. Triterpenic saponins. Alkaloids 0.07 %.
Upperground part. An essential oil.Iridoids. Triterpenic saponins. Steroid saponins. Alkaloids . Coumarins. Flavonoids.
Traditional Use and Activity
Possesses diuretic, emollient, anticonvulsant, sudorific, soothing, antiinflammatory, haemostatic and astringent properties. Seeds decoction is used as a vomitive, and decoction of roots when taken on an empty stomach is a diuretic in nephrolithiasis and podagra. Mullein leaves in milk preparation is applied in the form of compresses for the treatment of abscesses, cankers, purulent wounds, hemorrhoids and herpeses. Saponines that are some of the major components of Verbascum songaricum and are thought to be effective in hair regrowth stimulation, but there is no clinical evidence to confirm its tonic action in alopecia.