Scutellaria galericulata Linn.
A perennial growing up to 0.5m heigh.
In Central Asia – all reagions, except for deserts. Grows on the moist acid or calcareous soils on the edges of streams, in water meadows and fens reaching up to mid-mountain zones elevation.
Roots, stem and flowers of S. galericulata gave flavonoids and their glycosides, hrysin-glucuronide, baicalein, baicalin, apigenin, apigenin-glucoside and galeroside (baicalein-beta-L-rhamnofuranoside).
Traditional Use and Activity
It is a central nervous system relaxant and restorative agent. It is brain and CNS vasodilator, sedative, antispasmodic, and anticonvulsive. It is used in the treatment of nervous stress, disturbed sleep, menstrual tension, headache, migraine, neurological and neurimotor conditions, epilepsy. Infusion is sometimes used in the treatment of throat infections. This plant should be used with caution as when used in excess it causes giddiness, stupor, confusion and twitching.