Plant Name Centaurea ruthenica Lam
Aster family (Asteraceae) – Asteraceae Dumort. (Compositae Giseke)
Botanical Info Aster family (Asteraceae) – Asteraceae Dumort. (Compositae Giseke). It is perennial plant, 70-150 cm height
In Europe: The Volga-Kama(south), The Dnieper(east), The Volga-Don, Trans-Volga, Moldavian, Black Sea Coast, Lower Don; the Caucasus: all areas, except Dagestan; Western Siberia: upper Tobolsk.(south) Irtysh(south), Altai; Central Asia: Aral-Caspian, Balkhash(north, east), Syrdarya, Pamir-Alai, Tien Shan. Jungar-Tarbagatay areas. Inhabits and grows in steppes, dry rocky slopes, in shallow outcrops, limestone, and in front of midland belts
Rubber, Phenolcarbonate acids and their derivatives: chlorogenic, non- chlorogenic, caffeic, ferulic acids. Flavonoids: quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, apigenin, gispidulin, and their 7-glycosides. Roots: Rubber, Polyacetylenic compounds: diace-toxy-1,3- pentadekatrien5,7,13-diin-9,11. The aboveground part: Sesquiterpenoids: grosshemin. Rubber 0.9%. Alkaloids. Vitamins : C, carotin. Polyacetylenic compounds: Phenolcarbonate acids and their derivatives: chlorogenic. Seeds: fatty oil and iodine number of 116.
Traditional Use and Activity
In the Balkan Peninsula, it is used for the treatment of diarrhea. Plant has an antibacterial effect. The fatty oil in seeds is used for food and technical purposes. The meliferous plant(Honey plant). The nectar- productivity –is 90-220 kg/hec. It is fodder for large cattle, sheep and camels. Also used as a decoration. The plant exhibits antibacterial activity. The decoction, infusion(tincture) of the herbs is used for the treatment of diarrhea.