Centaurea depressa

Plant Name

Centaurea depressa M. Bieb.

Botanical Info

Annual 10-60 cm in height.


European part of Russia: Crimea, the Caucasus: all areas; Central Asia: the Kyzyl-Kum desert., The Amu Darya, Syr Darya, Turkmenistan-mountain region, Pamir-Alai, Tien Shan. (West). In crops, on fallow lands, waste places, dry slopes, in valleys, to the middle-mountainous.

Chemical Content

Rubber. Alkaloids. Flavonoids: skutellarin, skutellarein, apigenin, quercetin, apigenin glycosides.
Roots. Phenol carbonic acids and their derivatives (in%): coffeic 0.32 , chlorogenic 0.21.
The above-ground part. Sesquiterpenoids. 0.62% saponin. Tannins.Coumarins 0.5%. Flavonoids 0.27%: skutellarein, quercetin, apigenin.
Leaves. Flavonoids0.27%.
Flowers. Vitamins: S. Coumarins 0.5%. Flavonoids 0.05-0.36%: izoquercitrin, skutellarein, skutellarin, skutellarein- 5-p-0-glucuronide, skutellarein- 5-glucoside , skutellarein- 7-p-0-glucuronide , 3.7-diglucosyd of quercetin, apigenin in the hydrolyzate [. Anthocyanins 4.8%.

Traditional Use and Activity

The plant possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties.
The above-ground portion. The amount of flavonoids have diuretic, sesquiterpenoids – antibacterial properties.
Flowers. In Central Asia – choleretic jaundice, depression, neurasthenia, diseases of the eye. In veterinary medicine – the hotel cows and rectal prolapse.The amount of flavonoids has a diuretic effect.
Honey plant . Decorative.