Capparis spinosa Linn.
Perennial subshrub with long branches.
Native to Asia. The plant grows in the Mediterranean countries, in Asia and India. It is found in the Crimea, the Caucasus and in Central Asia. The plant is photophilous and drought-resistant. It can grow for more than 15 years in one place.
Plant has glucosinolates—glucoiberin,glucocapparin, sinigrin, glucocleomin and glucocapangatin. Rutin has also been reported found in this plant. The root bark, cortex and leaves have stachydrine.
Traditional Use and Activity
Anti-inflammatory, deobstruent to liver and spleen, diuretic, anthelmintic, vasoconstrictive.
Bark is used for splenic, renal and hepatic complaints. Leaves and fruits juice is anticystic, bactericidal and fungicidal. Dried flower buds are used in the treatment of scurvy. Stachydrine speeds up the coagulation of blood and reduced the loss of blood when given to dogs, rabbits and rats in experiments.