Bidens tripartita L.
Annual .Height: 60 cm.
Distributed in almost the entire European part of Russia, Siberia, Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Far East.
It grows on moist riverbanks along the drainage canals, the pondsand lakes, swamps, ditches, which often forms thickets. Sparselyfound in the meadows, like a weed in gardens and fields.
The plant contains carotinoids (to 60-70 mg%),
flavonoids:luteoline-7-glucoside, chalcone butein, auron sulfuretine.
Tannins, 66% of which are polyphenols.
Contains ascorbic acid and .manganese
Traditional Use and Activity
Burr marigold is little used as a medicine nowadays, but it was once esteemed for its styptic properties being used to quickly staunch blood flow – it was often used to treat uterine haemorrhage and conditions producing blood in the urine. The whole plant is antiseptic, aperient, astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, narcotic, sedative, styptic and sudorific. It is an excellent remedy for ruptured blood vessels and bleeding of any kind, and is of benefit to people with consumption. It is used internally to treat bladder and kidney problems, blood in the urine, uterine bleeding, ulcerative colitis and peptic ulcers. Externally, it is used in the treatment of alopecia. It is usually combined with a carminative herb such as ginger when used to treat digestive tract ailments. Yields a black dye. The part of the plant that is used is not specified. The burning herb repels insects and flies. The flowers yield a yellow dye of indifferent quality when alum is used as a mordant.