Plant Name Abutilon theophrasti Medikus.
Botanical Info Annual of height 25-150 cm.
Geography Central Asia: all districts. On valleys of the rivers, in depressings, drowned rivers, at wells, along aryks and roads, on fallows, as weedy in crops, in gardens and parks.
Chemical Content All organs. Mucilage .Roots. Carbohydrates (in %): mucus, contains pentose 1.41, pentosans 1.25, methyl pentosans 5.13, uronic acids 17.2. Saponins. Flavonoids. Leaves. Carbohydrates: a mucopolysaccharide, in its composition uronic acids and an amino sugar. Vitamins:C. Flavonoids: Rutinum of 0.1 %. Seeds. Alkaloids. A fat oil -15-30 %, in its composition acids (in %): saturated 14-16, nonsaturated with one olefinic linkage 16, with three not linked olefinic linkages 1, with two not linked olefinic linkages 58-63,cys-12, 13-epoxyoleinic, 0.7. Phosphatides – 0.8 %. Phytinum of 3 %.
Traditional Use and Activity In the Tibetan and Chinese medicine – as antiseptic at intestine diseases, in particular at a dysentery, an appendicism. In the Chinese medicine, besides, toning up and sanitising, and also at a cataract and other ophthalmic diseases. In national medicine – wound healing and diuretic. Roots. Decoction externally and inside – at diseases of a skin, a diarrhoeia and a gastralgia. Roots, leaves, flowers. Emollient, expectorating. Caulises. To 16 % rigid and a brittle fiber which after a chemical treatment gets softness, elasticity and becomes applicable for manufacturing of rope and cable products, a burlap, a canvas, ducks, fishing nets and a tent tissue; a waste-for production of a paper. Leaves. In the Chinese and national medicine – wounds healing, for treatment of carbuncles. Leaves, flowers, seeds. Decoction – at a gonorrhea. Flowers. In Transcaucasia and Central Asia decoction, infusion – sudorific. Seeds. In the Tibetan and Chinese medicine – emollient, purging and diuretic. The oil possesses diuretic properties, is applicable for the alimentary and technical purposes – productions of varnish, a varnish, soap-making and as the additive to drying oils.